Arranged Marriages in India

  • Would you choose your wife without meeting her first?
  • What if your wife had been chosen when you were a kid?
  • What are some pros and cons of that?

Let’s watch the video on the following websites and then answer the questions below:

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/26/world/asia/india-arranged-marriages-matrimonial-websites.html?_r=0#

  • What happens with matrimonium sites? How do they work?
  • How did old couples use to marry?
  • What is the meaning of traditional marriage in India?

NEW DELHI — For thousands of years, fathers in India have arranged the marriages of their children, and Garima Pant — like an estimated 95 percent of her millennial peers — was intent on following this most Indian of traditions.

Her father found a well-educated man in her caste from a marriage website that features profiles of potential mates and presented his choice to her. And that was when her rebellion began.

“I don’t think so,” responded Ms. Pant, a 27-year-old special education teacher, after seeing a picture of a man with streaks of color in his hair. So her father picked another profile. “Are you kidding?” And another. “Ugh.” And dozens more.

When a profile of a man who intrigued her finally appeared, Ms. Pant broke with tradition yet again, finding the man’s cellphone number and secretly texting him.

Her boldness made the match. By the time the fathers discovered that their families were of the same gotra, or subcaste, generally making marriage taboo, their children had texted and emailed enough that they were hooked. Months later, the couple exchanged vows with their fathers’ grudging blessings. Theirs was one of a growing number of “semi-arranged” marriages in which technology has played matchmaker, helping whittle away at an ancient tradition, but with a particularly Indian twist.

In a society where marriage is largely still a compact between families, most parents, especially fathers, are in charge of the search for a mate, including by scouring the now ubiquitous marriage websites for acceptable candidates. But a growing number, especially in India’s cities, now allow their children veto power. Even siblings have begun weighing in; Ms. Pant’s younger brother became an early booster of the man she would eventually marry after seeing his profile photo with a black Labrador retriever.

Human rights activists have welcomed the evolution as a significant change in the status of women worldwide and are hoping even poor, rural families begin to allow marriages based on choice.

Each year, they note, roughly eight million mostly teenage brides marry men chosen entirely by their parents, with many meeting their grooms for the first time on their wedding day. Refusals can be met with violence and, sometimes, murder. In one case last November, a 21-year-old New Delhi college student was strangled by her parentsfor marrying against their wishes.

The shift away from fully arranged marriages is being driven in good part by simple market dynamics among Indians who have long seen marriage as a guarantor of social status and economic security.

For centuries, fathers sought matches among their social connections, often with the help of local matchmakers who carried résumés door to door. But village-based kinship networks are fading as more families move to cities, and highly educated women often cannot find men of equal standing in those circles. Under such strains, families have sought larger networks, increasingly through matchmaking sites.

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Rugby World Cup: What’s in it for the residents of Twickenham? – Vocabulary

*Twickenham is a town in south west London on the River Thames in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, located 10 miles (16 km) southwest of the centre of London.

1) To have/make a stab at something: to attempt to do something although you are not likely to be very successful

2) Publicans: the manager of a pub

3) Put up with sth/sb: to accept or continue to accept an unpleasant situation orexperience, or someone who behaves unpleasantly

4) Portaloo: a portable building containing a toilet.

5) Embarrass:  to cause someone to feel nervous, worried, or uncomfortable

6) Acute: very serious or severe

7) “It seems Orwellian”:  ideas about personal freedom and state authority developed by the British writer George Orwell

8) Book: (verb) to arrange to have a seat, room, performer, etc. at a particular time in the future

British week activities: Sherlock

  • What do you know about Sherlock Holmes?
  • Have you ever watched the series “Sherlock”?
  • How different to Arthur Conan Doyle’s books is the series “Sherlock”?

Activity 1: Today we will watch part of the episode “A study in Pink” from the first season of “Sherlock”. As you watch this episode, answer the following questions on your copybook:

  1. What reasons does the police at the conference give for the death of the young man?
  2. What does the woman in the white overall invite Sherlock to drink ?
  3. What are Holmes and Watson going to share?
  4. What is Holmes address?
  5. What does Holmes answer when he is asked about what he does?

Activity 1 answers:

1.- Suicide by poisoning.
2.- A cup of coffee.
3.- A flat
4.- 221B Baker street
5.- He says he is a consulting detective.

Activity 2: Write captions for the 3 pictures below. Each caption must have…

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Text Types

1.- Diary entry: In a diary entry you narrate events that already took place. For a diary entry you must write in 1st person (use pronoun “I”) and use past tenses.

diary entry

 2.- Interview: The interview must start with an introduction to the topic discussed. Remember that in an interview there have to be at least two individuals interacting, therefore questions and answers must be perfectly written and they must show a coherent dialog.

interview

 3.- News report: This document is intended to inform a specific audience about a specific event. Titles and subtitles (headlines) are recommended and several paragraphs should be written. As with this text-type requires the use of more complex grammar structures it is only advised for students whose grammar is strong.

news report

4.- Set of instructions, guidelines: In this text-type you need to specify the procedure to carry out a task. You will need to use verbs in imperative as well as modals, such as: Need to, have to, must, should, would, etc.

set of instructions

5.- Written correspondence, “Formal and informal letters”:

Formal letter: The formal letter is usually sent to companies or people who represent them; so, formal language has to be used.  The use of full words is expected like Television instead of TV, or Photograph instead of Photo. Use words like “please”, “I would appreciate if”, “Could you”, instead of direct imperatives.

written correspondence

 Informal letter: The informal letter is usually sent to friends, so you can use informal language and contracted forms like I’ll, I’d. You can use abbreviations and imperatives in the document, which does not mean that it may contain mistakes.

informal-letter-to-friend

6.- Blog entry: A blog entry is an interactive electronic document in which you develop personal ideas about a specific topic. In this text type, you are expected to write in an amusing and engaging way, so readers feel motivated to read your blogs. In terms of grammar, a complex variety of structures is expected.

 blog entry

The Future is Mobile

Dear all,

During the first part of today’s lesson you are going to work in a reading comprehension activity about Cell phones and sustainable development. After reading you will have to answer some vocabulary and comprehension questions related to the text.

Later, you will listen to a piece of news about How mobile phones are changing life in Africa

 

While listening answer the following questions:

Decide if the following statements are True or false. Write T or F on the space provided and justify the false statements.

1) _________ There are about 650.000 mobile phone users in African Countries.

________________________________________________________________________________

2) _________ The number of users in South Africa is greater than in the United States and the European Union.

________________________________________________________________________________

3) _________ It is said that more Africans have access to the Internet than to clean water or sanitation.

________________________________________________________________________________

4) _________ According to CNN, mobile phones have changed people’s life in three different ways: political activism, entertainment, and health.

________________________________________________________________________________

5) _________ Orange money is a mobile phone banking service.

________________________________________________________________________________

6) _________ Orange money says that it serves 40 million customers in 10 countries.

________________________________________________________________________________

7) _________ The cost of sending a payment by phone is higher than traditional transfer agents like Western Union.

________________________________________________________________________________

Think Critical! 

a) Do you agree with the idea that life in Africa is changing?

b) How can the massive use of mobile phones improve African’s population life style?

c) What do you think of the following statement: “…more Africans have access to the Internet than to clean water or sanitation.”

“A Hunger Artist”, Thinglink project

Pending Students…

Students have until next week to finish any pending tasks, or if not, they will stay with the ¨1,0¨ which is already on school track…  There are four students have yet to show me their Thinglink assignment.  

 

Year 11 - Language B Standard Level

Instructions:

  1. Read the story The Hunger Artist, by Franz Kafka and take notes on your copybook of the new words you can find.
  2. Answer the questions as posted on the blog.
  3. Create a session on thinglink.com (or the Ipad application).

Check the following example:

https://www.thinglink.com/scene/564568749324107777

Click here for a short tutorial:

  1. Your project will include the following:
    1. A background that represents the main idea of the story (it can be an image that shows hunger, a cage, a menagerie, etc.)
    2. A tag with 10 new words and their definitions as taken from dictionary.com
    3. A tag with your favorite sentence of the story, explaining why you chose it (40-70 words)
    4. The answer to this question: Why does the man decide to fast? (40-70 words).
    5. Choose one of these themes and explain how it is present or absent in the story: “Ambition”, “Self-esteem”, “Empathy”, “Authoritarism”. (40-70 words)
    6. A 1-minute video of…

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Article: Youth Steroid Use

Synonyms – Read the following text and find the words that best correspond to their following synonyms below (WORDS ARE IN THE SAME ORDER THEY APPEAR IN THE TEXT). 1.  Backing 2.  Admiring 3.  Eager 4.  Raise 5.  Inclined 6.  Wrongdoing 7.  Absence 8.  Implicit 9.  Mentality 10.  Procedures 11.  Approved 12.  Reduce

Watch the following video and respond to the accompanying listening text.

The video below is rather comical point of view on some of the ¨not so nice¨ side-effects of steroid use.